Collection systems are as important as distribution systems. They can have a severe impact on environmental and sanitary issues if capacity and maintenance are inadequate. Overloaded systems will overspill and may flood streets and basements with contaminated water. This water can carry and spread diseases. Overloads also accelerate the production of hydrogen sulphide which corrodes the systems.
The supply of fresh water has the first priority, but the second priority to get rid of the wastewater is just as important.
Sewer systems require massive investments to establish and are costly to maintain. Particularly as the pressure on the systems increases as urbanisation develops and the effects of climate change become more pronounced. Investments and maintenance costs can be reduced by planning and operating the systems more efficiently by incorporating innovative solutions.
Even existing systems can be utilised better by implementing decision support systems, which enable the operators to maximise the utilisation of the capacity more efficiently.
Mapping the actual capacity of the system provides the overview. The next step is to optimise the utilisation, pinpoint the bottlenecks and design the appropriate alleviation measures.